Ozeanzyklen

Juni 21, 2022

Volumen Ozeane:
1,33 10**9 km3; 1,4 Trillionen (10**12) Liter

Southern Oscillation (ENSO)

El Nino and La Nina oscillation of the tropical Pacific.

NAO_flip_s
enso-cycles

Southern Oscillation, El Nino, La Nina (ENSO)

LaNina.com
ElNino.com
enso-ssts-art
enso-ssts-art1

North Atlantic OscillationO-2021 (NAO)

nao.fcst
NAO

NAO-positiv

NAO1

NAO-negativ

Amoc

Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMO)

Our results, based on several independent indices, show that AMO changes since the 1940s are best explained by multidecadal variability, rather than an anthropogenically forced trend. Leading indicators in the subpolar North Atlantic today suggest that the current AMO decline is ending. We expect a prolonged AMO(C) minimum, probably lasting about two decades. If prior patterns hold, the resulting low levels of oceanic heat uptake will manifest as a period of rapid global surface warming.

Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMO)


The Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO)

PDO is an internal switch between two slightly different circulation patterns that occurs every 30 years or so in the North Pacific Ocean

PDO-index-since-1900

Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO)